Calgary is the largest city in the Province of Alberta, and the third-largest municipality in Canada. In 2009, Calgary’s metropolitan population was estimated at 1,230,248. The city is located in the south Grassland region of Alberta, approximately 50 mi east of the front ranges of the Rockies.
Before the Calgary area was settled by Europeans, it was inhabited by Pre-Clovis people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. In 1875 the site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police (now the RCMP), assigned to protect the western plains from U.S. whiskey traders, and to protect the fur trade. It was named after Calgary on the Isle of Mull, Scotland. When the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in 1883, a rail station was constructed, and Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural center. Calgary was officially incorporated as a town in 1884, and in 1894, it was incorporated as “The City of Calgary”. Already a transportation and distribution hub, Calgary quickly became the center of Canada’s cattle marketing and meatpacking industries. Free “homestead” land fueled the area’s growth between 1896 and 1914.
Oil was first discovered in Alberta in 1902, but it did not become a significant industry until 1947 when huge reserves of it were discovered. Today, the petroleum industry is at the center of Calgary’s economy, and agriculture, tourism and high-tech industries contribute to the city’s economic growth. Calgary is a destination for winter sports and ecotourism with over 3.1 million people visiting the city annually.
For City of Calgary web site click here.
For CBC Calgary News click here.
For Calgary Herald newspaper click here.
For Life in Calgary Magazine click here.
Sister City relationship established February 5, 1997